Agni Karma (Thermal Microcautery) is an ancient Ayurvedic medical procedure using heat for treating a disease. Agni Karma means application of Agni directly or indirectly in treatment with the help of different instruments called Agni Karma Shalaka. The Agni Karma word is made up of a combination of two words - Agni and Karma (i.e. fire and procedure). Acharya Sushruta included this in the Anushastra (Parasurgical) procedures.
There are different types of Agni Karma according to the pattern like Valaya, Bindu, Pratisarana etc. This type of classification has been done based upon the tip of Shalaka (instrument) used for Agni Karma. Generally Pancha Dhatu Shalaka is used, made of Tamra, Loha, Yashadha, Rajata & Swarna.
In Agni Karma procedure, specific points are identified on the affected body area depending on the patient’s constitution, the diagnosis and severity of the disease. Then, the heated tip of the Thermal of the Agni Karma Shalaka is applied precisely to the affected area followed by application of coolants for instant relief. Agni Karma is considered a superior treatment than all other procedures as after Agni Karma the chance of reoccurrence of the disease is very remote. It cures the diseases which are not treatable with medicine, surgery & Kshara Karma. After the treatment, the patients can carry-on with their daily activities. Follow-up treatment may be required depending on the severity of the condition.
However, if the Agni Karma procedure is carried out incorrectly it can cause complications, and must only be carried out by a trained Ayurveda doctor at a recognized hospital like Arth Ayurveda.
Agni Karma is performed in treating cases of intense pain, especially in Vata aggravated conditions, in Skin, Muscle, Blood vessel, Ligament, Joint and Bone, and wound with raised, hard and numbed granulation; Piles, Tumours, Fistula-in-Ano; Scrofula; Elephantiasis; Wart, Mole; Inguinal hernia; Sinus; External Haemorrhage; Knee pain (osteoarthritis of knee); Lower Back pain; Sciatica; Lumbar Spondylitis; Cervical Spondylitis; Slipped Disc (prolapsed disc); Tennis Elbow; Frozen shoulder; Synovitis; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS); Tendonitis; Migraine, Headache; Heel pain (Plantar fasciitis, calcaneal spur); Rheumatoid Arthritis; Gout; Trigger Finger.
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